"Altllamiac" isn't this language's real name. It's really called
The name "Altllamiac" comes from "A line that looks like a mouth, in a circle". It's a shortened form of "Altllamiacwahlitic"; "A line that looks like a mouth, in a circle, with a horizontal line in the circle".
Yes, that last "i" shouldn't be there, but it's near impossible to pronounce "Altllamiacwahlitc" without putting a vowel in. Try it.
(Although if you use sounds instead of letters, it becomes "Althllamiasswahlithss", which is arguably easier to pronounce, although it's still hard to pronounce "wahl" without it becoming "warl" (with "ar" as in "army"), or "wahil", or "wall-l" (with ll as in the Welsh pronunciation; tongue in "l" position, and breathe out).)
But I digress.
One of the stranger things about Altllamiac (easier to type than the other names) is that, in theory, it doesn't bother with verbs.
Basically, a need in Altllamiac syntax, concerning remembrance of imagianary "there is" at start of every sentence. If remembrance of this, then little difficulty of reading. Also, relative ease of translation into English.
In practice, however, there are still a few verby sort of words in Altllamiac. For example:
...but there's no real reason not to translate it as...
Similarly, there aren't words for "say", "be", "think", or "write", but there are words for "speech", "existence", "thought" and "writing" that would be used in more or less the same ways. However, these verby words are treated in exactly the same way as nouns.
Unlike most of my languages, Altllamiac uses pictograms. (I had originally planned to use a system similar to Chinese hanzi, with phonetics, radicals and so on, but quickly realised that this would be really complicated, and that I'd have to think of actual pronunciations for each pictogram, which would be much too difficult to keep track of.
From now on, I'm going to call them glyphs. This is so I don't have to keep switching between calling them pictograms (meaning pictures that look like the thing they represent) and ideograms (meaning pictures that don't).
Basically, each glyph represents one word, plus sometimes a bit of grammary stuff. Most glyphs are made up of a main bit and a suffixy bit.
(The cases in these examples are explained later.)
Notice how the circle on the right of the "moon" glyph has been moved upwards by the case marker. It's fine to shunt bits around so they fit in a square box, as long as all the bits are there.
(The language glyph is from the speech glyph , tweaked a bit.)
...there's not much else in Altllamiac, so there are a lot more noun variations than in my other languages (except maybe Ioslaonë Elvish).
Cases are different ways of marking nouns by what bit of a sentence they are. It's the difference between (for example) "I", "me" and "my" - one's the subject of a sentence (I ate a sandwich), one's the object (a sandwich ate me), and one shows who owns something (my sandwich).
Altllamiac is similar, except all nouns have cases. (The suffixy bits of "a dog ate a sandwich" would be different is it was "a sandwich ate a dog"; in English, the words themselves wouldn't be any different.) Also, Altllamiac has seventeen different cases, instead of the (arguably) three in English, although most of them aren't used that often.
The main three are:
Most of the time, these three are the only ones you need. However, the rest are still needed in some situations.
Three basic pronouns:
...and four plural pronouns:
There are two ways of writing adjectives in Altllamiac. The first is just to write the adjective glyph, with no suffix, before the thing it describes.
Another way is to write the adjective glyph with the genitive case suffix, after the thing it describes.
Basically, if the adjective could be used as a noun by itself, like "cold" or "strangeness", use the second method. If it couldn't, like "some" or "every", use the first method. In practice, however, you can use either for any adjective and it would still be grammatically correct.
In Altllamiac, plurals are optional. If you need a plural, put (some) before it.
Without verbs, it's hard to tell when something was when you're told about it. This can be solved by putting one of the following at the start of a sentence:
In Altllamiac, words like "and" and "or" are sort of like brackets.
NaCl is a Strange Things Happen production.